A GERUND is a verb in its "ing" form (the present participle); for example, raining, dancing, laughing, thinking, creating, running, and so on. By definition, they are activities . either physical or mental. These words function as NOUNS in a sentence:
The subject of the verb: Swimmingisa lot of fun and good exercise. The object of the verb: I really likeswimming. The object of a preposition: I am looking forward toswimming in the ocean.
to complain about__________ing to insist on__________ing to participate in__________ing to apologize for__________ing to object to__________ing to look forward to__________ing to think of__________ing to win by __________ing to take part in__________ing
to have difficulty in__________ing to take advantage of__________ing to have a good reason for__________ing to prevent someone from__________ing to keep someone from__________ing to stop someone from__________ing to thank someone for__________ing to blame someone for__________ing to accuse someone of __________ing to charge someone with__________ing to fine someone for__________ing
to be accustomed to__________ing to be interested in__________ing to be excited about__________ing to be capable of __________ing to be responsible for __________ing to be used to__________ing to be tired of__________ing to be bored with__________ing to be good for__________ing to be good at__________ing to be bad at__________ing to be guilty of__________ing
to be a victim of__________ing to be an advocate of__________ing to be a believer in__________ing to be a supporter of__________ing to be a critic of __________ing
3 GERUNDS AS THE OBJECT OF A VERB When it comes to gerunds as the object of a verb, not all verbs are equal. That is, some verbs can take a gerund as their objects, but other verbs cannot. (Some verbs can take infinitives as their objects. Some verbs never take an object at all.) These differences can only be learned, as individual vocabulary items.
Verb + Gerund: Here are some verbsthat are followed by a gerund. (These verbs can be followed by any gerund. The gerunds used in these sentences are only examples.)
I admitlosingthe combination to the safe. I advisefinding a good lawyer. I don't anticipatewaiting very much longer. I appreciatehearing a good joke. I avoidflying as much as I can. Would you considerselling your share of the company? We will delaysigning an agreement. I denysaying that. We must discusshiring more people. I dislikeeating alone. I enjoytalking with new people. I fearlosing his confidence. When I finishtyping this, I'll help you. I gave upexplaining my position to them. I often godancing. I can't helpthinking that we could have done better. I can't imaginespending that much money. Business trips involvewaiting in airports and staying in hotels. They keepsaying that, but they don't do anything about it. Did I mentionseeing him yesterday? I don't mindworking on the weekend. I will missseeing you around. They postponedstarting construction until next year. You should practiceusing set phrases. I quitsmoking six years ago. I recallmeeting him a long time ago. I don't recollectbeing there. I recommendhaving the New York steak. I resenthaving to sign in each morning. I couldn't resisttelling them. We should not risklosing their trust. I hope they stopmaking so much noise so I can get some sleep. He suggestedstarting my own agency. They won't toleratetrading insider information.